Health Professionals

Frailty is generally considered to be a consequence of ageing but not all elderly people are frail, and not all frail people are elderly. Emerging evidence demonstrates frailty is a valuable predictor of adverse outcomes in older persons (Lee, 2015).

Frailty describes any person, regardless of age, who is at heightened risk to illness or injury from relatively minor external stresses.

Frailty is not an inevitable aspect of ageing and many consider frailty as a distinct clinical and physiological entity (Yeoleker, 2014). The physical and physiological changes associated with frailty contribute significantly to the weakness, falls, and fractures that direct admissions to nursing homes and a loss of independence (Walker, 2012).

Frailty should be considered a syndrome rather than a disease in itself and can be defined by five components — unintentional weight loss, self-reported fatigue, diminished physical activity, and measured impairment (comparative to age-standardised norms) of gait speed.

Articles on the assessment, diagnosis and management of fraility

 Frailty
Linda Lee, George Heckman, Frank Molnar - 2015
 Focus on Frailty
Olga Theou, Kenneth Rockwood, Renuka Visvanthan - 2015
 Sarcopenia
Richard Walker - 2012
 Frailty Sydnrome: A Review
ME Yeolekar, Sushija Sukumaran - 2014

Position Statement from the Australian and New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine

 UnderNutrition and the Older Person - Revision 2015
Revision by Professor Renuka Visvanathan and Assoc Profesor Solomon Yu - Revision November 2015
 Obesity and the Older Persons
A/Prof Renuka Visvanathan, Dr Cilla Haywood, Dr Cynthia Piantadosi & Dr Sarah Appleton - Revised August 2011
 Sleep and the Older Person
Dr Jane Fyfield and Dr Jessyln Lim - November 2011
 Pain in Older People
Dr Clare White and Assoc Prof Benny Katz - November 2012
 Frailty in the Older Person
Dr Ruth Hubbard and Dr Kenneth Ng - May 2013
 Exercise Guidelines for Older Adults
Dr Michelle Dhanak and Assoc Professor Robert Penhall - June 2013