Frailty is generally considered to be a consequence of ageing but not all elderly people are frail, and not all frail people are elderly. Emerging evidence demonstrates frailty is a valuable predictor of adverse outcomes in older persons (Lee, 2015).
Frailty describes any person, regardless of age, who is at heightened risk to illness or injury from relatively minor external stresses.
Frailty is not an inevitable aspect of ageing and many consider frailty as a distinct clinical and physiological entity (Yeoleker, 2014). The physical and physiological changes associated with frailty contribute significantly to the weakness, falls, and fractures that direct admissions to nursing homes and a loss of independence (Walker, 2012).
Frailty should be considered a syndrome rather than a disease in itself and can be defined by five components — unintentional weight loss, self-reported fatigue, diminished physical activity, and measured impairment (comparative to age-standardised norms) of gait speed.
Articles on the assessment, diagnosis and management of frailityFrailty
Linda Lee, George Heckman, Frank Molnar - 2015
Focus on Frailty
Olga Theou, Kenneth Rockwood, Renuka Visvanthan - 2015
Richard Walker - 2012
Frailty Sydnrome: A Review
ME Yeolekar, Sushija Sukumaran - 2014
Position Statement from the Australian and New Zealand Society for Geriatric MedicineUnderNutrition and the Older Person - Revision 2015
Revision by Professor Renuka Visvanathan and Assoc Profesor Solomon Yu - Revision November 2015
Obesity and the Older Persons
A/Prof Renuka Visvanathan, Dr Cilla Haywood, Dr Cynthia Piantadosi & Dr Sarah Appleton - Revised August 2011
Sleep and the Older Person
Dr Jane Fyfield and Dr Jessyln Lim - November 2011
Pain in Older People
Dr Clare White and Assoc Prof Benny Katz - November 2012
Frailty in the Older Person
Dr Ruth Hubbard and Dr Kenneth Ng - May 2013
Exercise Guidelines for Older Adults
Dr Michelle Dhanak and Assoc Professor Robert Penhall - June 2013